The colossal Gomateshwara stands tall on its hilltop, like a lighthouse protecting the town of Shravanabelagola and benevolently guiding the traveller. This Jain holy place of rocks and palm trees breathes tranquillity.

Shravanabelagola (“Shravana’s white pond”) lies 150km from Bangalore, the state capital of Karnataka. It boasts two sacred hills, Vindhyagiri and Chandragiri. Tucked between them is a kund (bathing tank) called the bili-gola (“white pond”), from which the town takes its name.

Belagola pond

The town has been a Jain holy place for over two thousand years. Bhagavan Bhadrabahu, the first great Jain master or Acharya, came from Ujjain (Madhya Pradesh) and settled in Shravanabelagola with his disciples. Chandragupta Maurya, the great emperor who ruled over a large part of India at the time, was so impressed by the monk that he passed his kingdom to his son and retired to the Shravanabelagola area.

Vindhyagiri hill

A 18m granite colossus stands in meditative pose on Vindhyagiri hill, 134m above sea level. It was built in 981 CE, on the orders of a general called Chavundaraya, and is considered one of the largest monolithic statues in the world.


Gomateshwara, also known as Bahubali, was the son of Adinatha, the first Jain saint or Tirthankar. When his brother Bharata challenged him for the succession to the throne, the two brothers fought it out. Bahubali won but, suddenly struck by the futility of fighting for power, he renounced his throne and all worldly pleasures. He entered a deep meditation for a full year and attained kevali arihantha, the state of beatitude.

Odegal temple

To reach Gomateshwara shrine you climb 647 steps. On the way you will pass the Odegal temple, so named because of the buttresses, called odegal, around the base. The temple is also called the Trikuta Basti and consists of three chambers, each with a Tirthankar carved in schist.


Mahamastakabhishekam – Photo:

Every twelfth year thousands of faithful gather at Gomateshwara temple to perform the Mahamastakabhishekam, a spectacular ceremony in which the statue is anointed with various substances such as coconut juice, sugarcane juice, milk, ghee, saffron, sandalwood paste, turmeric, gold coins and precious stones. The next Mahamastakabhishekam takes place in 2018.

Chikka betta – Chandragiri hill

Opposite Vindhyagiri Hill stands the equally rocky 61m Chikka Betta or Chandragiri Hill, with a group of religious structures on its summit. Some of them are remarkable:

Brahma Stambha, a huge decorative carved pillar;

Brahma Stambha

Kattale or Padmavathi temple, which houses an idol of Yakshi Padmavathi and a huge schist statue of Adinatha.

Padmavathi temple

Chandragupta temple, which boasts a wall full of carvings recounting the life of Chandragupta, a king of the Maurya dynasty.

Chandragupta temple

Bhadrabahu Cave, which is supposed to be the tomb of the Jain master Bhadrabahu. You can see his footprints there.

Bhadrabahu Cave

Bharata, a statue of Bahubali’s brother, buried up to his knees.

Also worth seeing

Mathada Basti

Mathada Basti

A ‘matha’ is a Jain ashram. This matha is thought to have been renovated in the 18th century. Chavundraya is said to have founded it and settled his master, Namichandra Siddhantadeva, here. The open space in the middle has been covered in with a glass roof. There are three garbhagrihas (inner sanctums) and numerous wall colourful paintings depicting audiences with the king Krishnaraja Wodeyar III, the Tirthankars, etc.

Bhandara Basadi

Bhandara Basadi

Beside the Mathada Basti stands a temple built in 1159 by Bhandari Hullayya, treasurer to the Hoysala king Narasimha. The rectangular building is called the temple of the 24 Tirthankars. Its garbhagriha is surrounded by 12 pillars. One of the walls is decorated with the 24 Tirthankars and the entrance door boasts some finely carved dancing figures.

Dussehra Festival
Dussehra marks the end of one of the biggest Hindu festivals called 'Navaratri'. This festival lasts for nine night...
Onam, the return to Earth of the king Mahabali
Onam is Kerala's biggest festival. It falls in the Hindu month of Chingam (August-September) and marks the return t...
Aranmula and the fascinating Vallamkali Snake-Boat Race
If there is one imperishable memory to be brought back from a trip to Kerala it is the fascinating Aranmula regatta...
Srinagar, an irrestible charm
Who could fail to fall for Srinagar, summer capital of Kashmir? The meandering, lotus-dotted lakes and the houseboa...
Khajuraho and the ‘art of love'
Khajuraho, a small village in Madhya Pradesh, is reputed for its sumptuous temples, built under the Chandela dynast...
Udupi, 60km from Mangaluru, is best known for its famous temple devoted to Krishna, one of the incarnations of the ...
Ganesha Chaturthi, the birth of the elephant-headed god
Ganesha Chaturthi is one of the main Hindu festivals. It celebrates the birth of Ganesh, the famous elephant-headed...
Indian Spices
Indian food without herbs and spices is unimaginable. They are at the heart of every dish. They have been used sinc...
Baneshwar fair
Baneshwar Fair is a huge folk fair held in Dungarpur district in Rajasthan. The 5-day event, which is sometimes cal...

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.