Uttarayan, Makar Sankranti Kite Festival

Uttarayan, the time of year when the sun starts its northward journey, is celebrated in Gujarat state with a kite festival that’s totally poetic. All day long thousands of multi-coloured kites drift endlessly across the sky, and when night falls the sky is lit by a myriad paper lanterns.

 


Meaning


Uttarayan means literally « when the sun starts its northward journey ». In the Indian calendar Uttarayan marks the end of winter and the return of the sun and its warmth to the northern hemisphere.

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Uttarayan marks the end of winter

This change of season has various names in different parts of India, and the celebrations differ too.

In several northern states it is called Makar Sankranti, since this is when the sun moves into the sign of Capricorn (Makar in Hindi). Sankranti is word for the sun’s transit from one sign of the zodiac to the next.

In Southern India, mainly in Tamil Nadu, this period of time corresponds to Pongal.

Pongal in Tamil Nadu, South India

This transition is the start of a six-month period that the Hindus consider auspicious. It is sometimes called the “holy period”, and it is the moment when the wedding season starts again.

Makar Sakranti marks the beginning of the wedding season

Although the names and celebrations vary, the date is the same throughout the Indian subcontinent. Under the Gregorian calendar Uttarayan celebrations take place on 14 January and generally continue the following day.


Celebrations


In the north, Uttarayan is traditionally celebrated by a kite flying festival. The one in Gujarat, north-western India, is particularly popular and everyone looks forward eagerly to the kite jousting.

uttarayan

A family playing on the banks of the Sabarmati, Ahmedabad

Families buy their patang (“kites”) or make their own from thin paper stretched over bamboo struts.

Manja getting coloured

The brightly coloured cotton string or manja is coated with ground glass particles; each competitor in the friendly kite-flying contests aims to cut his opponent’s string.

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The cotton strings or manja for the kites

When the string is cut the custom is to cry out “Kade!” “Kapyo che!” (“I’ve cut your kite!) “Lapet lapet!” (“Wind up your string!”).

Playing on the roofs of Ahmedabad city

This festival is a grand moment for socialising. Families and friends gather on the flat roofs of the houses and thousands of multicoloured kites fill the sky from morning to dusk.

The roofs of Ahmedabad and thousands of kites flying in the sky

When night falls paper lanterns (tukkal) are released in their thousands, creating a breathtakingly magical spectacle.

Thousands of Tukkals are released


International Kite Festival in Ahmedabad


Just before Uttarayan an international kite flying festival is held on the banks of the Sabarmati in Ahmedabad.

People come from all over the world to compete and to watch hundreds of kites of every shape from the simplest to the most eccentric floating in the azure sky.

In past years, master kite makers from Malaysia have brought their wau-balang kites, llayang-llayanghave come from Indonesia, kite innovators from the USA have arrived with giant banner kites, and Japanese rokkaku fighting kites have shared the skies with Italian sculptural kites, Chinese flying dragons, and the latest high-tech modern wonders…

 

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